What is Biokinetics?


Movement is an essential part of everyday life, depended on constantly by people of all ages. Movement affects development, learning, communicating, working, health, and quality of life. At the most basic level, movement permits people to navigate and to stay oriented within their environment. It is critical for most work and recreation and allows people to interact more fully. For these reasons, movement is a defining element of quality of life.

Biokinetics is defined as the science of movement and the application of exercise in rehabilitative treatment of performance. Biokinetics primary function is to improve physical functioning and health care through exercise as modality. Biokinetics is the profession concerned with health promotion, the maintenance of physical abilities and final phase rehabilitation, by means of scientifically-based physical activity programme prescription. Functions within professional alliance to health and medicine, and is recognised by and registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa.


A Biokineticist treats people with a variety of lifestyle conditions and orthopaedic injuries through the modality of exercise therapy. A biokineticist evaluates and measures: body posture, body composition, blood pressure, glucose levels, lung function, heart rate, fitness, muscle strength, endurance, power, flexibility and other physiological responses to exercise. Biokineticists use exercise rehabilitation for people with chronic disease, sport injuries and diseases of lifestyle. Health promotion and the maintenance of physical abilities as well as specialised physical activity programme prescriptions are within the scope of biokinetic practice.


Physical Health / Wellness - Physical Health Promotion and Preventative Treatment

Health promotion creates a culture of healthy lifestyle changes in both the individual and the company. A biokineticist can provide intervention strategies to improve personal and employee wellness, through individualized assessment of health risk factors, and prescription of appropriate exercise program prescription

Chronic Disease - Chronic Conditions

Clinical Assessment and prescription of appropriate exercise programmes. Prevention and management of conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis hypertension, Parkinson’s, respiratory disorders, obesity and muscular dystrophy, cardiac and stroke rehabilitation.

Sport Performance

Sport-specific testing, and strength & conditioning of active and competitive men and woman to improve: endurance, speed, flexibility, agility, power, and strength.

Orthopaedics and Corrective Exercise Therapy

Prescription of Injury prevention and scientifically individualized,orthopaedic rehabilitation programs. Through clinical assessment and prescription of functional exercise programs in context with the clinical pathologies for the final phase rehabilitation of the: neck, back, shoulder, hip, knee and ankle injuries and, pre- and post-operative rehabilitation. Musculoskeletal rehabilitation can also be prescribed for neurological conditions. Functional ergological assessments of: functional movement screens, gait and running analysis can be performed.

Special Populations and Physical Ability Assessment

Professional assessment and prescriptions of safe exercise programs for: children, pre- and post-natal, pregnant women and for the elderly and workforce in general.